Materials for the preparation of practical exercises for students of I-II courses of medical faculty

Semester I

Theme of practical lessons
Methodical instructions
Test items “Krok 1”
1 Anatomy as a science. Anatomical position, planes and axis. The skeleton of the human body. General information on bones. The skeleton of the trunk Завантажити
2 Anatomical terminology. The vertebral column. Common features of the vertebrae
3 Individual types of vertebrae: cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae Завантажити
4 The sacrum and coccyx. The thoracic cage. The ribs and the sternum
5 The skeleton of the head. The bones of the cerebral cranium: occipital, frontal, parietal bones Завантажити
6 The ethmoid and sphenoid bones
7 The temporal bone. The canals of the temporal bone Завантажити
8 The bones of the visceral cranium
9 The skull as a whole. The external and internal surface of the base of the skull Завантажити
10 The temporal, infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae. The orbit. The nasal cavity. The hard palate
11 Practical skills: Osteology
12 Summary: Osteology
13 General information on bone articulations. Classification of joints. The skull of the newborn Завантажити
14 Articulations between the bones of the skull. The temporo-mandibular joint
15 Articulations between the bones of the trunk. The vertebral column as a whole. Articulations between the vertebral column and skull Завантажити
16 Articulations between the ribs and sternum. The thoracic cage as a whole
17 The skeleton of the upper limb Завантажити
18 Articulations between the bones of the upper limb
19 The skeleton of the lower limb Завантажити
20 Articulations between the bones of the pelvis. The pelvis as a whole. The sex features of the pelvis
21 The articulations between the bones of the free lower limb Завантажити
22 The joints of the foot. The arches of the foot
23 Practical skills: Artrology
24 Summary: Artrology
25 Muscles and fasciae of the back and chest Завантажити
26 The thoracoabdominal diaphragm
27 Muscles and fasciae of the abdomen Завантажити
28 Subdivision of the abdomen into regions. The sheath of the rectus abdominis muscle. The linea alba of the abdomen. The inguinal canal and its clinical ignificance
29 Muscles and fasciae of the head Завантажити
30 Muscles and fasciae of the neck. Topography of the neck
31 Muscles of the upper limb Завантажити
32 Fasciae and topography of the upper limb
33 Muscles of the lower limb Завантажити
34 Fasciae and topography of the lower limb
35 Practical skills: Myology
36 Summary: Myology

 

Semester II

Theme of practical lessons
Methodical instructions
Test items “Krok 1”
37 The alimentary system. The structure of alimentary canal. The oral cavity, lips and cheeks structure. The hard and soft palate, fauces. Завантажити
38 The teeth: classification, structure. The tongue. The salivary glands: topography, structure, and ducts.
39 The pharynx: topography and structure. The tonsils of the pharynx. The esophagus: topography, structure and function. Завантажити
40 The stomach: topography, structure and functions. The small and large intestines: topography, structure and functions. The outward features of the colon.
41 The liver, gallbladder, pancreas: topography, structure and function Завантажити
42 The peritoneum: the topography, structure and function. The derivatives of
43 The respiratory system. The nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Завантажити
44 The larynx: topography, structure, functions.
45 The trachea and principal bronchi. The bronchial and alveolar tree structure. The segmental structure of the lung. Topography of the lungs. Завантажити
46 The pleural sacs. The boundary of the pleural sac, its functional and clinical significance. The mediastinum: the subdivision, organs.
47 The general structure of the urinary system. The topography of kidney. Fixing apparatus of kidney. Завантажити
48 The structure of the kidney. The structure of the nephron.
49 The ureter, urinary bladder, urethra: topography, structure and functions. Завантажити
50 The male genital organs: topography, structure and functions.
51 The female genital organs: topography, structure and functions. Завантажити
52 The perineum: structure, difference in male and female.
53 The immunological organs. Завантажити
54 The endocrine glands. Anatomy of the breast.
55 Comprehensive check: Splanchnology.
56 Intermediate module: Splanchnology.
57 The function of the nervous system. Classification of the nervous system. General data. General development of the nervous system. The spinal cord (1 lesson). Завантажити
58 The spinal cord (2 lesson).
59 The brain. General survey. Parts of the brain. The rhombencephalon. The medulla oblongata. Завантажити
60 The metencephalon: the pons and cerebellum.
61 The fourth ventricle. The rhomboid fossa. The projection of the cranial nerves nuclei. Завантажити
62 The mesencephalon: parts, external and internal structure and functions.
63 The diencephalon: parts, external and internal structure and functions. Завантажити
64 The hypothalamo-hypophysial system, its clinical significance.
65 The telencephalon: the pallium. Morphological basis of the dynamic localization of the functions in the cerebral cortex. Завантажити
66 The telencephalon: the white matter of the hemispheres.
67 The telencephalon: rhinencephalon, basal ganglia. The I pair of cranial Завантажити
68 The lateral ventricles.
69 The conducting pathways (sensory projecting pathway). Завантажити
70 The conducting pathways (motor projecting pathway).
71 The meninges of the brain and spinal cord. Завантажити
72 Formation and ways of cerebrospinal fluid circulation.
73 Comprehensive check: Central nervous system.
74 Intermediate module: Central nervous system
75 The organ of vision. The eyeball structure. Завантажити
76 The accessory structures of the eye.
77 The visual tract (II pair of the cranial nerves). Завантажити
78 III, IV, VI pairs of the cranial nerves.
79 The organ of hearing and gravitation. The external ear. Завантажити
80 The organ of hearing and gravitation. The middle ear.
81 The organ of hearing gravitation. The internal ear. Завантажити
82 The auditory and statokinetic analysers (VIII pair of the cranial nerves).
83 Formation oi the cranial nerves. xi, xii pairs oi the cranial nerves. Завантажити
84 X pair of the cranial nerves.
85 V pair of the cranial nerves (1 lesson). Завантажити
86 V pair of the cranial nerves (2 lesson).
87 VII pair of the cranial nerves. Завантажити
88 IX pair of the cranial nerves.
89 Comprehensive check: the sensory organs and the cranial nerves.
90 Intermediate module: Sensory organs and the cranial nerves.

 

Semester III

Theme of practical lessons
Methodical instructions
Test items “Krok 1”
91 The mediastinum and its subdivision. The organs of the superior, anterior, middle and inferior mediastinum. Systemic (greater) and pulmonary (lesser) circulation. The heart: topography of the heart, chambers and valves of the heart. The auscultation of the valves Завантажити
92 The structure of the heart wall. The conducting system of the heart. The blood supply and innervation of the heart. The types of blood supply of the heart. Pericardium
93 The aorta. Branches of the arch of the aorta. The common carotid artery The external carotid artery: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply. The parts of the maxillary artery, the regions of the blood supply Завантажити
94 The internal carotid artery: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply. Blood supply the brain, arterial (Willis) circle of the brain
95 The subclavian artery: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply. Axillary artery: topography, regions of the blood supply Завантажити
96 The arteries of the upper limbs: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply
97 The aorta, its parts, topography. The thoracic aorta: branches, regions of blood supply Завантажити
98 The abdominal aorta: its topography, the paired and unpaired branches, regions of blood supply
99 The common, external and internal iliac arteries: topography and branches, regions of blood supply Завантажити
100 The arteries of the lower limbs: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply
101 The system of the vena cava superior
102 The system of the vena cava inferior. The portal vein
103 The anastomoses between the systems of veins, their clinical significance Завантажити
104 Specific features of the blood circulation of the fetus
105 The general information about the lymphatic system. The lymphatic nodes of the head and neck Завантажити
106 The lymphatic nodes of the thoracic cage, abdominal and pelvic cavities, upper and lower limbs. The outflow of the lymph from the mammary gland
107 Practical skills: the cardio- vascular system
108 Summary: the cardio- vascular system
109 The formation of the spinal nerves. The posterior branches. The cervical plexus: formation, topography, branches, regions of innervation Завантажити
110 The brachial plexus: formation, topography, short and long branches, regions of innervation
111 The intercostal nerves: formation, topography, branches, regions of innervation. The lumbar plexus: formation, topography, branches, regions of innervation Завантажити
112 The sacral plexus: formation, topography, short and long branches, regions of innervation
113 The vegetative nervous system: sympathetic part. Завантажити
114 The vegetative nervous system: parasympathetic part.
115 Practical skills: the peripheral nervous system.
116 Summary: the peripheral nervous system.