Materials for the preparation of practical exercises for students of I courses of stomatological faculty

Semester I

Theme of practical lessons
Methodical instructions
Test items “Krok 1”
1 Anatomical terminology. Anatomical position, planes and axis. The skeleton ofE10:E40y. General information on bones
2 General structure of the vertebra. Individual types of vertebrae: cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. The sacrum and coccyx. The ribs and the sternum
3 The skeleton of the head. The bones of the cerebral cranium: occipital, frontal, parietal, ethmoid bones
4 The skeleton of the head. The bones of the cerebral cranium: sphenoid and temporal bones
5 The skeleton of the head. The bones of the visceral cranium
6 The skull as a whole. Topography of the cerebral cranium: external and internal surface of the base of the skull
7 Topography of the visceral cranium: orbit, nasal cavity. Bony palate
8 Topography of the visceral cranium: the temporal, infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae
9 General information on bone articulations. Articulations between the bones of the skull. The temporo-mandibular joint
10 Articulations between vertebrae. Articulations between vertebral column and scull. Articulations between ribs and sternum
11 The skeleton of the upper limb. Articulations between the bones of the upper limb
12 The skeleton of the lower limb. Articulations between the bones of the lower limb
13 Practical skills: Osteosyndesmology
14 Summary: Osteosydesmology
15 General myology. Muscles and fasciae of head
16 Muscles and fasciae of neck. Topography of neck
17 Muscles and fasciae of the back, chest and abdomen. The thoracoabdominal diaphragm
18 Muscles and fasciae of the abdomen. Subdivision of the abdomen into regions. The sheath of the rectus abdominis muscle. The linea alba of the abdomen. The inguinal canal and its clinical ignificance
19 Muscles of the upper limb. Fasciae and topography of the upper limb
20 Muscles of the lower limb. Fasciae and topography of the lower limb
21 Practical skills: Myology
22 Summary: Myology
23 The digestive system : digestive tract. The oral cavity: parts, walls, the hard and soft palate. Anomaly of the development of the oral cavity
24 The tongue. The salivary glands
25 The teeth: the structure and types of the teeth. Order and time of eruption of the deciduous and permanent teeth. The variants of the normal occlusions and articulation
26 The dentoalveolar articulation. Paradont. Periodontium. Crown signs. Anomaly of the bites and development of the teeth
27 The pharynx: topography and structure. Tonsils. Esophagus: topography and structure. stomach: topography, structure and function
28 Stomach: topography and structure. The small and large intestine: topography and structure
29 The liver, gallbladder, pancreas: topography, structure and function
30 The peritoneum: the structure, topography, function, clinical significance
31 Rtspiratory system. The nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, their clinical significance
32 The larynx, trachea, bronchi: the topography, structure and function
33 The lungs: the topography, structure, segments. The bronchial and alveolar tree
34 The pleural sacs, boundary. The pleural recesses. The function of the pleura. Mediastimun
35 The Urogenital system. The kidney: the topography, structure and function. Structure of the nephron
36 The ureter, urinary bladder, urethra: topography, structure and function
37 The male genital organs: topography, structure, function
38 The female genital organs: topography, structure, function. The perineum
39 Practical skills: Splanchnology
40 Summary: Splanchnology

 

Semester II

Theme of practical lessons
Methodical instructions
Test items “Krok 1”
41 General development of the nervous system. The spinal cord: the topography,
42 Parts of the brain. The rhomencephalon. The medulla oblongata, external and internal structure and functions.
43 The pons and cerebellum, their external and internal structure and function.
44 The fourth ventricle. The rhomboid fossa.
45 The arrangement of the cranial nerves nuclei to the rhomboid fossa.
46 The mesencephalon: parts, external and internal structure and function.
47 The diencephalons: parts, structure and function. The hypothalamo-hypophysial system. The portal system of the hypophysis. III ventricle.
48 The telencephalon. The pallium. Morphological basis of the dynamic localization of the functions in the cerebral cortex.
49 The telencephalon: rhinencephalon, basal ganglia. I pair of the cranial nerves. The telencephalon: the white matter of the hemispheres.
50 The lateral ventricles.
51 The conducting pathways (sensory projecting pathway).
52 The conducting pathways (motor projecting pathway).
53 The meninges of the brain and spinal cord. Formation and ways of circulation of cerebrospinal fluid
54 The reticular formation of the brain stem. The limbic system.
55 Comprehensive check: Central nervous system.
56 Intermediate module: Central nervous system
57 The organ of vision. The eyeball. Accommodation and pupillary reflex.
58 The organ of vision. The accessory structures of the eye. The muscles of the eyeball.
59 II pair of the cranial nerves. The visual tracts.
60 III, IV, VI pairs of the cranial nerves.
61 The organ of hearing. The external and middle ear.
62 The organ of hearing. The internal ear. VIII pair of the cranial nerves. The auditory and statokinetic analysers.
63 The X pair of the cranial nerves
64 The XI, XII paires of the cranial nerves
65 The V pair of the cranial nerves (first lesson).
66 The V pair of the cranial nerves (second lesson).
67 The VII pair of the cranial nerves.
68 The IX pair of the cranial nerves.
69 Comprehensive check: the sensory organs and the cranial nerves
70 Intermediate module: the sensory organs and the cranial nerves
71 The Heart: chambers and valves of the heart. The topography of the heart, projection of the valves. The structure of the wall and conducting system of the heart.
72 The arteries and veins of the heart. Innervation of the heart. The topography of the heart.
73 carotid artery.
74 The external carotid artery: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply.
75 The internal carotid artery: topography, branches, the regions of blood supply.
76 The subclavian artery: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply. Blood supply the brain, arterial (Willis) circle of the brain.
77 The axillar artery: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply.
78 The arteries, veins, lymphatic vessels and lymphnodes of the upper limbs.
79 The thoracic aorta: topography, branches, the regions of the blood supply.
80 The abdominal aorta: topography branches and regions of the blood supply.
81 The arteries of the walls and pelvic organs.
82 The arteries of the lower limbs.
83 The system of superior vena cava.
84 The veins of the head and neck. The venous sinuses of the cerebral dura mater. The emissary veins. The pathway of the infection spreading.
85 The system of the vena cava inferior. The portal vein.
86 The anastomoses between the systems of veins, their clinical significance. Specific features of the blood circulation of the fetus.
87 The lymphatic system: general survey. The lymphnodes of the head and neck. The lymphnodes of the trunk and limbs.
88 The immunological organs.
89 Comprehensive check: the cardiovascular system
90 Intermediate module: the cardiovascular system
91 The formation of spinal nerves. The cervical plexus: formation, branches, regions of innervation.
92 The brachial plexus: formation, branches, regions of innervation.
93 The intercostal nerves.
94 The lumbar plexus: formation, branches, regions of innervation.
95 The sacral plexus: formation, short branches, regions of innervation.
96 The sacral plexus: formation, long branches, regions of innervation.
97 The vegetative nervous system: sympathetic and metasympathetic parts.
98 The vegetative nervous system: parasympathetic part.
99 Functional anatomy of the endocrine system
100 Functional anatomy of the endocrine system